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SAMR Model

Yesterday in my internet travels, I discovered the SAMR model. The Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, Redefinition Model provides a framework to view how computer technology might impact teaching and learning.

Substitution refers to using computer technology to do the same task as was done prior to its use. For example simply putting recording a training lecture and putting online.

Augmentation refers to using technology to perform common tasks, such as taking the quiz online. Typically will augment non computer technology in teaching and learning.

Modification Represents a step toward greater, more inclusive use of computer technology. Common learning and teaching tasks are accomplished through the use of technology.

Redefinition entails using technology to do tasks that were previously not possible. For example creating a classroom video to post on youtube.com

On a continuum, the model shows the level of computer technology in learning and teaching.

My takeaways from the model are:

  1. It provides an easy useful framework to categorizing learning and training
  2. Modification and Redefinition might allow for deeper learner participation
  3. In general it does not seem dissonant with adult learning theory
  4. M and R will probably increase learner’s acquisition and application of material
  5. Shifts towards M and R will require the teacher/facilitator to have technology skills (basic programming, multimedia, strong understanding of programs online, etc). Technology oriented skills.
  6. M and R integration assume learner’s have some basic computer skills (word processing, web searching, emails, message boards/forums, attachments).
  7. Applicable to online learning/eLearning. I would guess that a considerable amount of eLearning content falls into the S or A categories.
  8. M and R have some power to reshape learning, design, and user experience. S and A will always be around, likely necessary, and are more or less useful.
  9. Highly applicable to training and development.
  10. Useful in areas outside of learning and teaching such as innovation, technology, management, etc.

As I reflect on the model, I’m sure I will see other ways it can be used.

Additional information on the model can be found  at http://www.schrockguide.net/samr.html  or http://www.hippasus.com/rrpweblog/

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